|Selected Rationale for Proposed Regulations|
Communicated by CTC in the
Initial Statement of ReasonsDocument
Physical Education Community Response
Current basic military drill andphysical fitness training activitiesassociated with Basic MilitaryDrill and JROTC courses mayinclude instruction in some or allof the required eight contentareas.
Basic Military Drill and JROTC courses have objectives that are vastly differentthan the objectives for physical education. While physical fitness is indeed acomponent of JROTC coursework, the learning of skills, knowledge, anddispositions required to be physically active across the lifespan are absent in theJROTC curriculum. We have never seen a course that meets the objectives ofJROTC AND physical education and includes all eight content areas.
Alternate ways of meeting the requirements for physicaleducation as outlined in EC51225.3
JROTC is NOT an alternate way of meeting the requirements for physicaleducation as outlined in EC 51225.3. This section of the code does not providefor an exchange of content, rather a modification in instructional strategies. JROTC
does not provide students the opportunity to learn the content in the PhysicalEducation Content Standards for California Public Schools.
Some school districts grantphysical education course creditfor Basic Military Drill and JROTCand others do not.
Appropriate credentialing is one of several concerns associated with JROTCgranting physical education course credit. See other issues.
Physical Education is an integral component in all branches of themilitary.
Physical Education is NOT an integral component of all branches of the military,physical fitness is. The physical activity that takes place in the military settingspreparation for military tasks and does not include learning the necessary skillsand
knowledge pieces to design, carry out, evaluate, and adjust one physical activityprogram.
Current Basic Military Drill andROTC special subjects teachingcredentials do not currently include a specific physicaleducation teaching authorization.
Because JROTC course are not physical education courses, they do not includea specific physical education teaching authorization. One could make the casethat because military history is included in JROTC, social science credit shouldbe granted for these courses.
Districts that are willing to allow Basic Military Drill or JROTC courses to satisfy high school graduation requirements often require these classes to be taught byindividuals who hold a Single Subject Teaching Credential inPhysical Education.
Those that insist upon a Single Subject Teaching Credential in Physical Education are following currentcode and regulations.
Since many instructors in Basic Military Drill and JROTCprograms do not have a bachelor’s degree, they do notmeet the basic requirements for earning the Single SubjectTeaching Credential.
Teachers who do not hold a bachelors degree are notpermitted to teach any other subject in California.Why would the CTC think that it is permissible forteachers to teach physical education? Theundergraduate degree provides importantfoundations for all teachers.
Pupils attending schools that do not grant physical education course credit for Basic Military Drill and JROTCare required to enroll in traditional physical educationcourses to meet graduation requirements. Thereby creatingthe potential for enrollment declines in Basic Military Drilland JROTC programs.
Enrollment declines in JROTC should not be a concern of physical education. Nor should thepromotion of these programs be placed anywherebut within JROTC.
A review of the 49 other states revealed that there are currently 9 states that allow JROTC courses to satisfy the physical education graduation requirement.
9 of 49 states is hardly enough to say it is a national trend that JROTC courses should be used to grantphysical education courses credit. Of the 9 cited in the document, 6 are permissive rather
than prescriptive, using the term “may”. No information is available for other decision making factors.